Boreal Forest

TEAM:

Name
Block
Kevin Q
D
Ian R
D
Domenic D
E
Marco G
E
Ryan A
C

Introduction

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Boreal forests around the world



Tall magnificent trees, striking wildflowers, and the sight of the lovely snowflakes dancing through the wind will leave you astonished. The boreal forest, also known as the taiga, located only in the northern hemisphere, is the place everyone should be spending his or her time! The climate may get a bit chilly with temperatures from 13 to 18 [[#|degrees]] calculus! With a long 5-7 month winter getting used to the climate will be easy, and you will quickly get over the cold once you see the adorable animals and beautiful wild life. You should however bring a coat and some warm shoes as you explore this wonderfull land. We broke the boreal forest up into 3 different areas, they are the yukon, ontario, and siberia. They are all very diffrent from one another and I incourage you to read on and see what the specifics of each of these biomes are, have fun and remember to stay warm .


Location 1: Ontario

map of ontario.gif
Map of ontario
One place to visit is Ontario! Ontario is one of the largest provinces in all of Canada. The province borders U.S. states, like Michigan and New York. And is home to one fourth of the world's freshwater . The 11.3 million people that live there live in a narrow area just north of the U.S. border. Which is about 90 % of the population. The terrain is similar to most Canadian provinces. Lakes, mountain ranges, and forests border the province. This is also known as the Canadian shield. Which is a layer of soil that forms the north american craton. Winter is severe in Ontario. The weather makes travel almost impossible. The best time to visit Ontario is between September and April. This is when the weather is usually more mild. People engage in warm weather activies like hiking and boating. And there is also a number of festivals going on too ("Ontario").

Highlighted species:

Woodland caribou :

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Woodland caribou fighting each other





The woodland caribou can be found all over northern Canada.Like the Yukon and the Ontario. The smallest population exists in Ontario. which was once the largest population in Canada. But since then people still haven't figured out why the species started to disappear. Its probably because of habitat loseWoodland Caribou Habitat lose is threatening the species worldwide. Especially throughout Canada. Our impact has caused the population to decline significantly. Early harvesting of tress have caused lichen to stop growing. Which is the caribou's main source of food. This is vital to the caribou's survival in the boreal forest . Although the population is declining, the presence of caribou is still very big in Canada. Canada is home to largest caribou population in the world. Exactly 36,000 woodland caribou remain in this ecosystem. Which is big when comparing sizes in other parts of the world. The name "caribou" comes from the word "xalibu". This means snow shoveler or one who paws. Its thick coat of fur and concave hooves help it get through the long winter months.This lets the species do what they would normally do before winter. The only way to tell the difference between a male and female caribou is observe their antler size. The females is usually smaller than the males. But the female has the advantage of keeping them longer before the mating season comes into effect. Both will shed their antlers during this time . If your looking to see something truly unique, make sure to squeeze some time in for the woodland caribou. You won't be disappointed !

Evergreen trees:

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This is a very common tree that you will see all around the world in all of the boreal forrests. It is not uncommon for the Boreal Forests to be miles apon miles of just evergreen trees. These trees are nice to see because they will grow in patches of the same tree. In many cases the evergreens will stop when another species of plant comes in and then they will begin again not far afterward. All the while sticking to there plant like formation. The evergreen tree can grow up to 7 feet tall, and is food and shelter for many organisms inside the Boreal forest. This makes it a producer that is worth stopping by to look at.


Ontario Food Web:

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Ontario food web

Location 2: Yukon


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Map of the Yukon

The Yukon, located next to Canada, is definitely a destination that should be on your list of places to visit! The magnificent snow caped Logan Mountain is the 2nd highest mountain in North America and the winding Yukon River, which ends all the way in Alaska, is 1980 miles of pure fun! The vast glaciers that went on for miles never got a chance to scrape over and erase proof of human life, making it one of the best places on earth to explore the mysteries of earliest human life! Be ready to keep your eyes open! There is a region in the Yukon named the Klondike. This location has gold in the ground, home of the gold rush. The gold can be melted down to bars or any shape you want! What would you do for a Klondike bar? 7 months have ice-cold winters and the summer months are awfully short, but just a slight bit warmer! If you are a fan of playing out in the snow and ice skating you should know that the large snow storms go through in September and the ice on ponds form in mid October.

Highlighted Species:

Yukon brown bear:

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brown bear, roaming about

The brown bear can be found in all parts of the boreal forest. The bear is an omnivore, it eats moose, caribou, hairs, foxes, berries, nuts, and leaves. This means that the bear is at the top of its food chain, so if one animal were to leave the ecosystem the bear would not be phased. The bear has an average life span of 25 years. It weighs 700 lbs, stands at 5'8'', and it is a mammal. The Brown bear only reproduces once every 3 years. This means the the Brown bear is susceptible to great fail, if the ecosystem goes through trouble. The Brown Bear would loose a lot of their population and the fact that they only reproduce every 3 years would not help. The Brown Bear is a very smart animal it can get into cars, houses, and refrigerators. The Bear is also a very fast animal, it can run up to 56 kph so it can catch its prey that run fast. The Brown bear is an animal to be respected and it deserves a spot in our highlighted species. Come to the Yukon to find this animal. On to Siberia to see a tiger!

White Spruce:

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the White spruce is an specific example of an evergreen tree. It has wax on the tip of its needles to try to avoid damage from the wind, this wax weighs them down and helps keep them attached to the tree. The White spruce also uses a tactic where they group together in very close sections to try to keep themselves protected from the wind. If they were not close together they would be knocked down by the wind or lose all of its needles.

Yukon Food Web:

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Location 3: Siberia

Map of Siberia
Map of Siberia


The siberian forest is located in russia and If you are intrested in Boreal Forests, you want to make sure that you go and visit the Boreal Forest in siberia. This is an area that is covered in snow,trees, and small vegetation. The terrain is harsh and cold so if you are planing to visit I would recommend a coat and some boots. Even though this area is a hard one to visit it is very rewarding to see. This is due to the fact that it is the only Boreal Forest of its kind, there are some similar but there is nothing exactly like this. You will be able to make all your observations in peace because this is a quiet area where you can really focus on what is around you. The weather will make the organisms around it to react in certain ways, so it is going to be very rewarding to see exactly how these animals react.



Highlighted Species:

Siberian Tiger:

Siberian tiger in the wild laying down
Siberian tiger in the wild laying down

The Siberian Tiger can be found in the Boreal forests in Russia. It is the largest living member of the “cat family”. Most males range from 400-650 pounds, even though in some cases they have been known to get up to close to 850 pounds. These Tigers are able to mate at the age of four years old, and they mate any time during the year. These big cats are carnivorous animals that eat smaller mammals; some examples are hares, deer’s, rabbits and salmon. Due to the fact that these animals are so big they need copious amounts of food to sustain themselves. Due to the amount of food that the tigers need, should this source run low the tigers will also die out. They are highly aggressive predators that have even been known to take on animals as big as the Siberian bears that inhabit the areas around them. If you want to see something that is truly admired I suggest you make time for the rare Siberian Tiger.


Siberia food web:


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Siberia food web




Works cited:

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(12)
"Woodland Caribou."Planet Releaf Roots and Shoots Canada Forest Campaign
. anet Releaf, Roots & Shoots Forest Campaign, n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.
<http://www.janegoodall.ca/planet-releaf/WoodlandCaribou.html>.

(13) <http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/caribou.htm>
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(15) National Geographic. National Geographic, 1996. Web. 15 Mar. 2013. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/brown-bear/>.
(16) Shrubs, Herbs and Other Plants. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.borealforest.org/world/herbs_shrubs.htm>.
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